The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon established a 15 member High-Level Independent Panel in October 2014 to undertake an assessment of the state of UN peace operations, and the emerging operational needs of the future" 'Understanding the relationship between the United Nations and Regional Organizations'. As part of the ongoing assessment, the Panel intends to engage widely with Regional Organisations, Member States, Academics, Think Tanks and Civil Society globally. In February 2015, the Panel's focus was in Africa after completing the consultations with key relevant actors in Asia. To this end, the UN, with the support of partners including the Training for Peace in Africa (TfP) Programme, the British Government, working closely with the Panel Secretariat and the United Nations office to the Organisation of the African Union (UNOAU), hosted an African Regional Consultation Seminar.
Since its establishment, the AU has played an increased and expanded role in addressing conflicts in the African Continent, including in Darfur, Burundi, Mali, the Central Africa Republic and Somalia. As part of its intervention, the AU has developed policies and directives as well as established systems, structures and mechanisms to ensure that African PSOs are undertaken in accordance with internationally accepted norms and standards. These norms and standards relates to protection of civilians, observance of international humanitarian law and adherence to the highest standards of conduct by AU personnel. To further support the AU processes on conduct and discipline, the Training for Peace Programme at ACCORD (TfP/ACCORD) co-hosted with the AU an Expert Roundtable in the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 15 – 17 December 2014.
The International Peace Support Training Centre (IPSTC) is a training and research institution, focused on capacity building at strategic, operational and tactical levels for peace operations within the context of the African Peace and Security Architecture. As an organisation that shares similar objectives, ACCORD was invited to attend IPSTC's annual symposium for 2014, in Nairobi, Kenya.
The Training for Peace (TfP) Programme at ACCORD participated at the 2014 Annual Challenges Forum. The Challenges Forum is a platform to discuss the strategic and dynamic exchange of experiences, ideas, best practices, and proposals to positively influence the peacekeeping practice and approaches through debate and research. The purpose of this year's Challenges Forum is to discuss the emergence of non-traditional threats in peacekeeping missions.
The Training for Peace Programme at ACCORD (TfP/ACCORD) have participated in an Integrated Gender and SGBV Course for Police Advisors in Peace Missions. The course seeks to build the foundational knowledge, skills and personal qualities of participants to more effectively support the women, peace and security mandate of United Nations (UN) and African Union (AU) peacekeeping missions; as part of their daily duties and responsibilities in peacekeeping operations, considering the rule of law (ROL), UN and international standards and best practices regarding gender equality, human rights, and SGBV prevention and response. The experience TfP/ACCORD gained from this high level training will strengthens the capacity of its Peacekeeping Unit to disseminate and deliver trainings on Gender and SGBV in the context of peacekeeping. This course is part of a broader process to support the Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO), Eastern Africa Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (EAPCCO), UN Peace Missions in Africa, and AU's efforts at developing capacity for gender training.
The Training for Peace (TfP) Programme at ACCORD has participated in an African Union Commission (AUC) – Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) joint consultative meeting on cooperation on human rights in peace operations. The purpose of the joint consultative meeting was to exchange ideas on common areas of engagement and develop a framework of cooperation with concrete proposals on how the OHCHR and AU will relate on human rights issues in peace operations.
The goal of the Training for Peace (TfP) in Africa Programme is to build sustainable African civilian and police peacekeeping capacities that are needed in order to implement multidimensional United Nations (UN) and African Union (AU) peacekeeping mandates. The TfP Programme was launched in 1995 with the current phase ending in 2015. To further understand the impact of the Programme during this phase (2010-2015), an evaluation of the Programme was conducted and its findings, conclusions and recommendations were presented by the evaluation team and thereafter discussed by all the stakeholders who attended the IAB Meeting together with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The IAB meeting therefore provided an opportunity to engage with the evaluation team in commenting on the 'Building Blocks for Peace: An Evaluation of the Training for Peace in Africa Programme' report.
The Training for Peace in Africa (TfP) programme at ACCORD participated in the Regional Senior Mission Leaders (RSML) course that was held from 13 to 24 October 2014 in International Peace and Support Training Centre (IPSTC). The Senior Mission Leaders (SML) Course is aimed at preparing ccurrent and potential senior mission leaders in the role and responsibilities of senior leaders in complex peacekeeping operations to plan, prepare, manage and direct peacekeeping operations, in order to effectively fulfil their mandates. The regional course which took place in Nairobi Kenya, was designed to strengthen senior mission leadership in EASF and other regions within the framework of African Standby Force (ASF).
The African Union (AU) Commission is currently finalising the work conducted with the Regional Economic Committees (RECs) and Regional Mechanisms (RMs) on the establishment of the AU Civilian Standby Roster. This roster is to serve as the integrated continental platform for the generation, retention and utilization of civilian capacities on a standby basis for deployment across a range of peace and security operations, including mediation missions, peace support operations, and post-conflict reconstruction and development undertakings. In the near future, the AU civilian roster database will be tested and opened to the RECs and RMs for usage, through the regional roster focal points. To date, four regions are staffed with roster focal points, with the exception of the Northern African Regional Capability (NARC). As a result, the AU is supporting NARC to develop its civilian component in order to correspond with this schedule.
Sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (SEA) are fundamental violations of humanitarian and protection principles of civilians during armed conflict. While any violations or abuses of power are the responsibility of the individual, the deploying entity also has a responsibility to ensure that effective mechanisms are in place to prevent and address misconduct on the part of its personnel. As a result, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in close partnership with the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), coordinated a Leadership Capacity Building Workshop on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse. ACCORD continues to be an engaged civil society organisation working in conflict management across the continent, as demonstrated over the last two decades.
The Training for Peace (TfP) programme at ACCORD participated in the Integrated Mission Planning and Mission Support (IMP & MS) Training Harmonization and Standardization Workshop from 29 September to 03 October 2014 at the SADC RPTC in Harare, Zimbabwe. The workshop, which was organized by the African Peace Support Trainers Association (APSTA) Secretariat, brought together about 30 Mission Planning and Mission Support Experts drawn from institutions such as the African Union Peace Support Operations Division (PSOD), Regional Economic Communities/Mechanisms (RECs/RMs), African Union Mission In Somalia (AMISOM), ACCORD, International Peace Support Training Centre (IPSTC), institute of security studies (ISS), Kofi Anan International Peacekeeping Training Center (KAIPTC), LECIAD, NDC Nigeria, SADC RPTC, UN DPKO, UNOAU, and the APSTA Secretariat.
- TfP/ACCORD undertakes research on role of the Civilian Component in AU Peace Support Operations
- TfP/ACCORD participates in TfP field research on policing in peace operations in Africa, focussing on UNAMID
- Training of Trainers in International Humanitarian Law for Somali National Army Officers
- ACCORD trains SADC military, police and civilians in mediation, negotiation and gender in peace support operations
- TfP/ACCORD train UNMISS civil affairs officers on conflict analysis and reporting
- TfP/ACCORD serve as panelists at peace operations workshop in Malawi
- ACCORD/TFP take part in 20th IAPTC annual conference and host training methodologies bilateral meeting
- ACCORD participate in Peace Capacities Network 2014 annual meeting in Istanbul
- TfP ACCORD participates in European Union Police Service Training – Exercise LOWLANDS GRENADE
- TfP/ACCORD participates in Stakeholders Validation Workshop on the ECOWAS Standby Force Civilian Dimension Policy Framework
- TfP/ACCORD participate in ECCAS/FOMAC Civilian Component Workshop
- ACCORD attends TfP AGM and ECOWAS meetings in 2014
- TfP/ACCORD participates in fourth AMISOM lessons learnt conference
- TfP ACCORD evaluates its Collaborative Conflict Management Training Package for UNMISS
- TfP/ACCORD conduct AMISOM Gender Mainstreaming Strategy Workshop for the development of mission-specific strategy with AU Commission
- TfP/ACCORD conduct AMISOM Protection of Civilians Strategy Implementation Plan Workshop in collaboration with AU Commission
- TfP attends African Peace Support Trainers' Association 11th Annual General Meeting
- TfP hosts Fourth Annual African Standby Force Civilian Focal Points Planning meeting
- ACCORD engages in Civilian Capacities Network meeting in Oslo
- ACCORD Signs a Memorandum of Understanding with AMISOM