Between Democracy And Terror: The Sierra Leone Civil War

alt Edited by Ibrahim Abdullah, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa.
Published by: UNISA Press, 2004
ISBN: 10: 2869781237 13: 978-2869781238

Reviewed by: Kemi Ogunsanya, Conflict Prevention, Mitigation, and Response Advisor at ACCORD.
In Conflict Trends Issue 1 of 2005

The new conflict paradigm has challenged conventional conceptions of modern warfare, characterised by an increase in the number and complexity of violent conflicts. What defines these conflicts is their intra-state nature and the most striking feature of these conflicts has been their impact on civilians, who have been both perpetrators and victims. In the background one is faced with the break- down of the state with vast human rights abuses, abject poverty and other social ills. This was the classic case scenario in Sierra Leone.

Aspects of Peacekeeping

alt Edited by D.S. Gordon and F.H. Toase
Published by: London: Frank Cass, 2001
ISBN: 10: 0714650404 13: 978-0714650401

Reviewed by: C. De Coning
In Conflict Trends Issue 1 of 2004

One of the defining characteristics of complex peace operations is their multi-dimensional nature. They combine conflict prevention; peace making; security operations; humanitarian relief and reconstruction activities; transitional justice and rule of law programmes; human rights monitoring and education; political transition support and institution building, in a complex and multi-layered peacebuilding response matrix that is intended to build momentum towards peace across the whole conflict spectrum.

Africa in the New Millennium: Challenges and Prospects

alt

Eddy Maloka and Elizabeth le Roux
Published by: Africa Institute: Pretoria, 2001
ISBN: 9780798301459

Reviewed by: By Senzo Ngubane
In Conflict Trends Issue 1 of 2002

African development has become the subject of much debate and discourse since the dawn of the new millennium. Much of the discourse has focused on establishing what the critical issues are that face Africa in this new era - what needs to be done to rid Africa of most (if not all) her problems in order to change the status that this continent acquired during the previous century. These seem to be appropriate questions, particularly since the new epoch has been declared an African century! The new millennium is viewed as an opportunity for Africa to enjoy a new lease of life; to advance like all the other continents. This, how- ever, will only be possible once appropriate programmes are put in place. In addition, such programmes could not be conceived without an accurate diagnosis of Africa’s challenges, and its prospects to overcome such challenges.

Conflict And Resolution: Peace-Building Through The Ballot Box In Zimbabwe, Namibia and Cambodia

Griffith, Allen (Allan Griffith, who had been Foreign Policy Adviser to Australian prime ministers or over 30 years, completed this book as visiting fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, shortly before his death in November 1998)
Published by: New Cherwell Press, Oxford, 1998
ISBN 10: 1900312158 /13: 978-1900312158

Reviewed by: Jannie Malan
In the African Journal on Conflict Resolution Volume 1 No. 1, 1999

The conjunction in the title of this book has not just been inserted as an attentioncatching novelty. The book is indeed about both conflict and resolution. In each of the three case studies it is not only the peace process that is described and discussed, but also the preceding conflict process. The serious cause and urgent purpose of each of the conflicts are taken into consideration. The actions and reactions of the involved people and leaders are related in a clear and well-documented way. The extended and complicated series of happenings are organised into insight-promoting units. The author makes very good use of his skills of selecting details and choosing descriptive as well as thought-prompting words. Enough detail is included to give the reader a penetrating sense of what happened. Apposite key words appear in chapter and section headings.

Integrating Traditional and Modern Conflict Resolution

Experiences from selected cases in Eastern and the Horn of Africa

Africa Dialogue Monograph Series No. 2/2012

Contemporary Africa is faced with the reality of numerous evolving states that have to grapple with the inevitability of conflict. On their own, the fledgling institutions in these states cannot cope with the huge demands unleashed by everyday conflict. It is within this context that the complementarity between traditional institutions and the modern state becomes not only observable but also imperative.

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Opportunity or Threat

The Engagement of Youth in African Societies

Africa Dialogue Monograph Series No. 1/2012

The greatest asset of any nation is its youth. The African Youth Charter defines a youth as a person between the ages of 15 and 35 years. In his address at the 17th Ordinary African Union Summit held in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea from 23 June– 1 July 2011, Dr Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of UNFPA, stated that "... if youth make up 40% of the population, and people under the age of 35 make up over 65% of the entire population of the continent, then 65% of the continent's resources should be allocated to this age group".

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Playing for Peace

Following South Africa’s successful hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, ACCORD's special edition magazine takes a unique look at how football is instrumental in bringing peace, unity and development in Africa.

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The question of youth participation in peacebuilding processes in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

By Timothy Aduojo Obaje and Nwabufo Okeke-Uzodike

The available body of literature addressing the roles of young people in armed conflict provides evidence of extensive child and youth involvement in warfare. For instance, Ukiwo (2003) draws attention to the role of young people as key actors in the escalation of violent conflicts in Nigeria’s Plateau State city of Jos, while other scholars emphasise the notorious use of violence by youths during Europe’s political crises and conflicts of the 1930s.

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Peace processes in Côte d’Ivoire

Democracy and challenges of consolidating peace after the post-electoral crisis

By Dr Doudou Sidibé

The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 years of political instability which started in 1993, also seeks to consolidate democratisation. The goal is not impossible to realise, but is dependent on the reconciliation of all stakeholders in the conflict and all sectors of society...

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