The question of youth participation in peacebuilding processes in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

By Timothy Aduojo Obaje and Nwabufo Okeke-Uzodike

The available body of literature addressing the roles of young people in armed conflict provides evidence of extensive child and youth involvement in warfare. For instance, Ukiwo (2003) draws attention to the role of young people as key actors in the escalation of violent conflicts in Nigeria’s Plateau State city of Jos, while other scholars emphasise the notorious use of violence by youths during Europe’s political crises and conflicts of the 1930s.

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Pride, conflict and complexity

Applying dynamical systems theory to understand local conflict in South Sudan

By Stephen Gray and Josefine Roos

South Sudan has experienced deadly conflict for much of the last five decades. While most attention has focused on South Sudan’s civil war with the now Republic of Sudan to the north, in reality, inter- related conflicts persist in multiple layers of society. Paradoxically, the termination of the war of nationhood activated ‘local conflicts’, which have led to the killing of thousands of people since peace was brokered with the north in 2005. This paper presents an assessment of a ‘typical local conflict’ between two Dinka clans, based on field research in Jonglei State, using a systemic approach to conflict assessment adapted from dynamical systems theory...

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Peace processes in Côte d’Ivoire

Democracy and challenges of consolidating peace after the post-electoral crisis

By Dr Doudou Sidibé

The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 years of political instability which started in 1993, also seeks to consolidate democratisation. The goal is not impossible to realise, but is dependent on the reconciliation of all stakeholders in the conflict and all sectors of society...

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Localising Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone

What Does it Mean?

By Dr Tony Karbo

Contemporary peacebuilding processes increasingly propose and adopt local ownership as a fundamental prerequisite in sustainable peacebuilding. Local ownership presupposes the application of an organic and context-specific approach to peacebuilding. Localisation also assumes the active participation of local actors, including national governments, civil society groups, community organisations and the private sector, in achieving a common purpose in peacebuilding processes.

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COP17: Statement of Outcomes

Climate Change Adaptation, Conflict and Cooperation: A Diplomatic Approach for Africa?

Internationally, scientific and policy debates on the potential security implications of climate change have recently gained great momentum. It is now clear that climate change poses one of the key challenges for global economic development and human well- being and may put peace and security at risk, as natural resources such as water, food, and energy become scarce. Alongside these scarcities, slower onset changes in weather, and extreme weather events such as floods and storms, are predicted to lead to an increase in migration movements. Africa is projected to experience some of the worst climate-related impacts and security threats.

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An Overview of the Situation of Women in Conflict and Post-Conflict Africa

By Dr Grace Maina

Conflict and post-conflict environments in Africa present unique challenges and opportunities for women. While violence and war periods have negative effects on women, it is suggested that ‘peace time’ has implications for women as well. For most women, the end of war and conflict is marked by the excessive effects of trauma and shame. There are still numerous accounts of rape and forced marriages that undermine the social position of these women in society. Due to these circumstances, many women struggle to participate effectively in the affairs of their societies. The lack of skills or education among many of these women means that their access to economic opportunities is greatly challenged. It is critical that the implications of conflict on these women be clearly understood. Furthermore, the post-conflict environment must also be interrogated, as there are concerning social, psychological, physical and economic implications that continue to challenge women.

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Who said it was simple?

Implementing 1325

Policy and Practice Brief 2

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights into UN Resolution 1325, and impact of conflict and violence on women. It forms part of ACCORD’s knowledge production work to inform peace.

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Training to Protect Civilians

Recent Developments and Recommendations

Policy and Practice Brief 9

Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection needs on the ground... This Policy & Practice Brief reviews recent policy developments in the field of PoC in peacekeeping operations, with a particular focus on training. By reviewing these developments, this paper aims to present recommendations for peacekeeping training centres that are considering developing and conducting training courses on PoC.

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