Putting People First: African Priorities for The UN Millennium Assembly

alt Edited by P. Mathoma; G. Mills & J. Stremlau
Published by: South African Institute Of International Affairs (Saiia), 2000
ISBN: 10: 1919810145 13: 978-1919810140

Reviewed by: Senzo Ngubane, Research Officer, ACCORD
In Conflict Trends Issue 1 of 2000

The twenty-first century, Africa’s 53 countries stood out as the stage of unending conflict, where death and poverty became the order of the day. Visuals of malnourished Angolan children show the result of an ugly civil war; thousands of human skeletons exhumed after the Rwanda genocide, which was all due to the politics of identity; and civilians with amputated limps in Sierra Leone – all these images and many more will forever serve as a reminder that the twenty-first century was not kind to Africa.

Protecting Sub-Saharan Africa: The Military Challenge

L. Du Plessis And M. Hough
Published by: Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, 1999
ISBN: 10:0796919003 13:978-0796919007

Reviewed by: Brig. James Machakaire (rtd), Intern in ACCORD’s Peacekeeping Unit
In Conflict Trends Issue 2 of 1999

This book examines how policies adopted by states after independence influenced the enhancement of security through investment in and development of the armed forces. Coincidentally most states in this region attained independence by armed struggle. The desire and temptation to enhance security through the rapid and massive development of military strength was so high on the agendas of most of these states, that it over- shadowed the need to rationalise distribution of available resources.

Property & Freedom

alt Pipes, Richard
Published by: The Harvill Press, London, 1999
ISBN: 10: 0375704477 13: 978-0375704475

Reviewed by Kole Omotoso
In the African Journal on Conflict Resolution Volume 1 No. 2, 2000

The freedom that property confers on the owner has always been recognized in all cultures. The words of a propertied person are valued over those of a person without property, the Yoruba of Nigeria like to say. Ancient societies in their wisdom allow only those with property to participate in the deliberations of the community. Why then was organised religion able to preach the total rejection of property? Why was it that the way forward for the world was not that everyone should have property in order to be free? Why is it that the development of the modern free market system deals with having and not having to keep the market going? Perhaps most important for those who hope for total liberation of humanity from all forms of bondage, why does the dream of the common ownership of property continue to be unrealisable?

Promoting the African Union

Kassim Mohammed Khamis
Lillian barber Press, 2010, 421 pp.
ISBN-13: 978-0-936508-33-7

"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."1 George Santayana's famous maxim could be one of the best ways to describe the approach used for Promoting the African Union, an insightful book by Dr Kassim Mohammed Khamis, a Tanzanian diplomat currently at the African Union (AU) and with many years of experience within the former Organisation of African Unity (OAU). Khamis stresses that his intention with this book is "to help readers understand why the African unity project has proceeded so slowly as against the intended establishment of the African Union" (p. xiv). In addition, he identifies the gaps and opportunities that Africa has in strengthening the African unity initiative.

Promoting an Integrated Approach to Combat Gender-Based Violence: A Training Manual


By Margaret Oguli-Oumo, Et Al
Published by: London, Commonwealth Secretariat, 2002
ISBN: 10: 0850927145 13: 978-0850927146

Reviewed by: C. Mufanawejingo
In Conflict Trends Issue 1 of 2004

As gender-based violence continues to be endemic in different forms, the need for various tools to combat it is enormous. In a move to contribute towards adopting a holistic approach to the fight against gender-based violence (GBV), the commonwealth secretariat has produced a training manual entitled promoting integrated approach to combat gender-based violence.

Problematising Resistance

Amanda Alexander & Mandisa Mbali (eds.)
Durban: University of KwaZulu-Natal. Centre for Civil Society Research Reports, 2005, 255 pp.
ISBN: 978-9966-065-73-5

Problematising Resistance is a collection of research and analytical papers that reflect on new social movements in post-apartheid South Africa. The editors also seek to capture the global dimensions of the new social movements by including papers on the Ogoni movement in Nigeria and on international peasant solidarity. The point of departure is that these movements are reactions to neo-liberal policies. The editors therefore contend that this collection will contribute to the emerging literature on resistance to neo-liberalism.

The first paper, by Sanya Osha, on the Ogoni protest movement in the Niger Delta of Nigeria sets the pace. Underpinning his analysis is the theory of internal colonialism, which in essence revolves around the structural, political and cultural alienation of minority communities in post-colonial African states. Such alienation is a reality for Ogoni, Ijaw and other minorities that live in the Niger Delta.

Power, Wealth and Global Order: An International Relations Textbook for Africa

alt Edited by Philip Nel and Patrick McGowan
University of Cape Town Press, South Africa, 1999
ISBN: 10: 1919713301 13: 978-1919713304

Reviewed by: Jo-Ansie van Wyk, Department of Political Sciences University of South Africa (UNISA) Pretoria, South Africa.
In Conflict Trends Issue 3 of 1999

Dedicated to the thousands of students in Africa who, often under difficult conditions, study International Relations, and commissioned by the Foundation for Global Dialogue, this publication is a collaboration by contributors from a number of South African and United States institutions.

Polarization and transformation in Zimbabwe: Social movements, strategy dilemmas and change

Polarization_and_transformation_in_Zimbabwe.jpg Erin McCandless 
Lexington Books, 2011, 270 pp.
ISBN-13: 978-0739125953

Polarization and transformation in Zimbabwe: Social movements, strategy dilemmas and change, written by Erin McCandless, attempts to illustrate how social movements and civic organisations face significant strategy dilemmas which can hamper their effectiveness and prevent such organisations from contributing to transformative peace and change. The book investigates Zimbabwe and two particular dilemmas which have caused political polarisation in the country.