Climate Change and Conflict

Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of Sudan. The research was driven by the premise that valuable lessons for addressing conflicts related to the impacts of climate change may be identified from environmental interventions.

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Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict

Towards strengthened partnerships with African member states

A report on the proceedings of the Africa Regional Consultation on Strengthening Partnerships for Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict, held in Pretoria, South Africa from 19–20 July 2012, hosted by the Government of South Africa in collaboration with the United Nations and the African Union, facilitated by the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes.

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Building Peace and Democracy in Angola: Challenges and Opportunities

The Angola Country Program Lessons Identified Seminar (LIS) took place in Luanda, Angola, on 01 and 02 October 2008. The overall goal of the seminar was to create a forum for sharing of experiences, analysis, and reflections by various stakeholders working in different sectors of peacebuilding in Angola. The seminar also aimed to evaluate peacebuilding and reconciliation processes that have been implemented in Angola since the end of the civil war in 2002

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Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa

Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan - A Project Report compiled by Kemi Ogunsanya

Occasional Paper Series: Issue 3, 2007

There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidating peace efforts. The involvement of women in post-conflict reconstruction is also critical to the transformation of conflict. The successes of women in conflict transformation efforts in Africa are varied and have not been mirrored in all conflict situations. For example, the gains made by South African women were more pronounced during both the conflict and the immediate post-conflict phase. Sierra Leonean women, on the other hand, were most effective during conflict. In Burundi, women noted gains during conflict and are currently strengthening networks to address the post-conflict challenges. Sudanese women continue to work across ethnic, political and religious lines towards the common goal of peace, while in Côte d’Ivoire women are not recognised in the transitional processes.

The Next Gulf?

Oil Politics, Environmental Apocalypse and Rising Tension in the Niger Delta - by Shola Omotola

Occasional Paper Series: Issue 3, 2006

The study is divided into five sections. The first substantive part of the paper attempts a theoretical exposition on the Nigerian state upon which the paper’s analyses are anchored. The second reflects on Nigeria’s political economy of oil, underscoring how oil has, since the 1970s, become the mainstay of the economy and led to the mishandling of its proceeds.

The Nativist Revolution and Development Conundrums in Zimbabwe

by Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni

Occasional Paper Series: Issue 4, 2006

The neo-liberal perspective wrongly reduces the crisis in Zimbabwe to a mere problem of governance and traces the genesis of that crisis to the year 2000, ignoring earlier antecedents that are equally significant. The fatal flaw in this neo-liberal definition of the Zimbabwe crisis is its focus on the symptoms of the problem, such as increased militarisation of domestic politics, party violence, shrinking democratic spaces, executive lawlessness, questionable electoral conduct and overall economic collapse. There is a need for a deeper analysis going beyond these symptoms of the Zimbabwean crisis. Indeed, the Zimbabwean crisis is a reflection of the risks involved in any African attempt to defy the ‘disciplining’ forces of globalisation and neo-liberalism and is located within the broader context of African responses to globalisation, neo-liberalism and cosmopolitanism.

The Complexity of Applying UN Resolution 1325 in Post Conflict Reintegration Processes

The Case of Northern Uganda - by Dr Grace Maina

Occasional Paper Series: Issue 1, 2011

The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the reintegration experience of women and girls in post-conflict Uganda. In this country, the recruitment of combatants by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has been characterised by the forcible abduction of young boys and girls, and the eventual deployment of child soldiers. The government of Uganda, in its attempt to defeat the LRA and in recognition of the fact that the LRA forcibly conscripted children to wage their cause, offered amnesties to all individuals who returned or were rescued from the LRA. This process has had consequences for the general female population of the Acholi community in northern Uganda.

South Africa’s Peacekeeping Role in Burundi

Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions - An ACCORD Research Project

Occasional Paper Series: Issue 2, 2007

  1. The objective of this study is to provide an analysis of South Africa’s role in peacekeeping in Burundi and to identify the opportunities and challenges that confronted South Africa’s peacekeeping mission.
  2. The peaceful resolution of Africa’s conflicts is one of the cornerstones of South Africa’s foreign policy. It is intended to create a better South Africa, Africa, and world.