Conflict Trends 2003/3

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Focus on Democracy

"This special edition of Conflict Trends, on women, peace and security, seeks to illustrate and analyse these issues and stimulate debate on the continent regarding the positive contribution that women make on peace and security issues."

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Conflict Trends 2003/2

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Focus on Refugees

"The millions of refugees and internally displaced on the continent are grim testimony to the root causes driving such refugee flows... That such a situation is untenable, and even anathema to the vision of an African Renaissance, is self-evident. But it is heartening to take note of the tremendous strides Africa's leadership is making in order to address these problems... However, much more needs to be done..."

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Conflict Trends 2003/1

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Focus on Democratisation

"The twentieth century was not kind to Africa... regional conflicts wreaking havoc across the continent cast a deep shadow over the prospects of success of the vision of the African Renaissance … it is wrong to think that all conflicts should be resolved through the barrel of the gun. Political solutions should be explored at all times."

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Conflict Trends 2002/4

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Focus on Democratisation

"The dawn of the twenty-first century has witnessed Africa's leadership respond more vigorously to crisis on the continent. There has also been a general acceptance of the fact that the post-colonial African state must return to a more democratic order... it is our firm belief that by providing avenues through which to air grievances (such as the courts), democratisation - as it relates to good governance - is an effective tool for transforming violent trajectories to non-violent ones. In this sense, democratisation becomes an effective tool for conflict prevention and mitigation."

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Conflict Trends 2002/3

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Focus on Peacekeeping

"This special issue on peacekeeping comes two years, almost to the month, after the release of a report from the panel of experts on United Nations peace operations – the so-called Brahimi Report. In this issue, we look at what progress has been made since this landmark report was released. We also take a snapshot of the current missions in Africa, and ask what major trends and issues could shape the future of peacekeeping in Africa during the next decade."

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Conflict Trends 2002/2

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Focus on Refugees

"The challenges that we face, both individually and collectively, to make this twenty-first century an African century are immense... This special issue of Conflict Trends represents such a strategic partnership between the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the African Union, and ACCORD. We hope that in igniting a constructive debate it contributes in some small way to help alleviate the plight of refugees generally, and the African refugee in particular."

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Conflict Trends 2002/1

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African Renewal

"To the jubilating crowds in Luanda, Savimbi's death signaled the end of one of the world's longest-running civil wars... It is hoped that with the end of the war, resources that were directed towards the purchase of arms could be spent on the socio-economic upliftment of Angola's long-suffering people. However, given the scale of the crisis, this may not be enough. Consequently, it is imperative that the international community assist Angola in fighting the real war on poverty, malnutrition, disease, illiteracy and want. In so doing, we all assert our collective humanity."

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Conflict Trends 2001/4

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Focus on Constitutionalism

"(The constitution making process is) inevitably influenced by the prevailing conflict dynamics on the ground, which in turn cannot be separated from the wider socio-economic and political milieu within which the different political, social and other interest groups and formations manoeuvre for power, influence and reform."

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