Issue No: 9/2022

Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 28 October 2022

The Conflict and Resilience Monitor offers monthly blog-size commentary and analysis on the latest conflict-related trends in Africa.

Photo by Ashraf Hendricks / GroundUp

We start off this month’s Conflict and Resilience Monitor with a piece from Olivia Rumble and Andrew Gilder, who are both Directors at Climate Legal, who have written about the issue of loss and damages related to climate change.  Their article discusses the need for loss and damages to be on the agenda of COP27 and the challenges that the issue has faced in the past.

We then move to Southern Africa, where Katharine Bebington, Programme Officer at ACCORD, has written a piece reflecting on the recently held general elections in Lesotho, the challenges relating to the reform processes leading up to the elections and the voting outcomes.  This is followed by a piece from Thokozile Nkgundima, a Programme Administrator at ACCORD, who has written an article reflecting on the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda. In particular, the article focuses on the National Action Plans (NAPs) that have been adopted by states in Southern Africa and the challenges relating to the implementation of the NAPs in the region.

Finally, we end the Monitor with a piece from Zikho Dana, an intern in ACCORD’s research Unit, who has tracked the post-COVID-19 protests that have taken place across the continent.  The article details a number of these protests and the different and similar causes of the protests.

Chief Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Assistant Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo by Peter Kapuscinski / World Bank

Loss and Damage High on the Agenda for COP27 in Egypt

  • Olivia Rumble
  • Andrew Gilder

Finance for Loss and Damage has been a longstanding issue at COP but matters are anticipated to come to a head at COP27 in Egypt in November. Developing countries are seeking to have loss and damage financed and addressed separately from adaptation in the form of a dedicated loss and damage finance facility. Developed country support is mixed, but the US remains against it and the EU position is unclear.

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Photo by Julius Mucunguzi

Reflections on Lesotho’s Recent Elections

  • Katharine Bebington

On 7 October 2022, the Kingdom of Lesotho held general elections against the backdrop of uncertainty surrounding the passing of electoral reforms and fears of further instability.  The 2022 elections saw a number of election observer groups present in the Kingdom, including the African Union (AU), the South African Development Community (SADC) and the European Union (EU) to observe elections which were contested by more than 50 political parties.

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Photo by James Murray
Women, Peace & Security

Monitoring and Evaluating the WPS Agenda in the SADC Region

  • Thokozile Nkgadima

Since the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325), more than 11 Regional Action Plans (RAPs) have been adopted globally. In Africa, Regional Economic Communities/Regional Mechanisms (RECs/RMs) have been at the forefront of developing the various RAPs, namely the East African Community (EAC); Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS); the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD); the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS); and most recently the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

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Photo by Ashraf Hendricks / GroundUp
Political Unrest or Violence

Mapping post-COVID-19 Protest Trends in Africa

  • Zikho Dana

Protests over the exorbitant cost of living have become a frequent feature in Africa which, amongst other things, was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic through measures such as lockdowns. Protests in Africa are an expression of a growing legitimacy crisis in African governments and about failed promises, the enrichment of political elites and the undermining of democratic institutions.

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