Issue No: 07/2023

Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 28 September 2023

The Conflict and Resilience Monitor offers monthly blog-size commentary and analysis on the latest conflict-related trends in Africa.

Image Source: GCIS

In the past month, we have witnessed important developments around the role of Africa in multilateral institutions, including the African Union’s membership in the G20 and the expanded membership of BRICS to include two additional African states – Ethiopia and Egypt. In helping us to navigate the other outcomes of the XV BRICs summit, Bhaso Ndzendze has written a piece which carefully analyses the summit communiqué, the Johannesburg II Declaration. Staying with the analysis of the BRICS+ Summit, Cedric de Coning discusses the implications of the expanded BRICS membership for the future of global governance.

Turning to elections in Southern Africa, Katharine Bebington has written a piece which describes the political context ahead of the general elections in Eswatini on 29 September 2023, which she analyses in a comparative discussion with the recently held elections in Zimbabwe. She argues that the election dynamics leave Southern Africa vulnerable to political unrest and poses questions about the nature of democracies in the region. Related to the broader topic of elections in Africa, Nkanyiso Simelane has written a piece which presents the case of strengthening the quality and integrity of elections in Africa as one type of response to the latest series of military coups.

Chief Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Assistant Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Image Source: GCIS

The BRICS XV declaration: what it says and what it does not

  • Bhaso Ndzendze

The 2023 BRICS summit hosted by South Africa between the 19th and 24th of August is bound to be one of its most historic. The resultant communique, named the Johannesburg II Declaration, is notable for five areas – four by commission and one by omission (i.e., what the summit did not deliver on). These are as follows: firstly, reaffirmations made in line with previous declarations which showed consistency; secondly, the deliverables it produced in line with its declared theme; thirdly, more upfront language on the inclusion of Brazil, India and South Africa in the United Nations Security Council as part of its reform; fourthly, there was the admission of new members; finally, there is silence on the highly anticipated “de-dollarisation.” Each of these merit a close examination.

Read More
Image Source: GCIS

What are the implications of an expanded BRICS for the future of global governance?

  • Cedric de Coning

When Jim O’Neill coined the BRIC acronym in 2001, the point he was trying to convey was that the global economic system needed to incorporate the world’s largest emerging economies. His advice fell on deaf ears and in 2009, Brazil, China, India and Russia decided to take matters into their own hands and formed the BRIC grouping. South Africa joined the group in 2010 to form the BRICS. This July the group held its 15th Summit in South Africa, and decided to add six new members: Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Many more are likely to join in the future, including countries like Indonesia and Nigeria.

Read More
Image Source: Instudio

Elections-related instability in Eswatini and Zimbabwe high on SADC agenda

  • Katharine Bebington

On 29 September 2023, Eswatini is set to hold elections, the second set of major elections in Southern Africa following the elections in Zimbabwe in August. Zimbabwe has often found itself on the agenda of the peace and security organs of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and within the international community over the last few decades. However, in the past few years, Eswatini has also emerged as a recurring concern on SADC’s security agenda. This has meant that major events, such as elections, take on even more significance, as they are perceived as potential flashpoints for unrest and political instability within the country.

Read More
Image Source: Borin

Strengthening Constitutional Changes of Government by Improving the Quality and Integrity of Elections in Africa

  • Nkanyiso Goodnews Simelane

Elections are crucial to the functioning of any democracy as they provide an ideal mechanism for democratic changes of government. This is particularly pivotal on the African continent in the context of democratic consolidation and mitigating the unconstitutional changes of government. As such, questions on how to strengthen political transitions towards democratic governance and consolidation in Africa need to focus on improving electoral integrity and quality on the continent.

Read More

Do you have information to share?

Does any of this information look incorrect to you, or do you have anything to share from your experience on the ground in an African country?

If so, please complete our contact form – we would love to hear from you!

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.