Photo: EU/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie

Issue No: 8/2021

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 1 April 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis will be focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

In this week’s Monitor we feature the reflections of ACCORD’s Founder and Executive Director, Dr. Vasu Gounden, on his recent experiences with mediating aspects of a peace agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, and what the implications are for mediation amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.

Turning to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dr. Yvan Yenda Ilunga reflects on the formation of the new government. He argues that the DRC would need a comprehensive transformation of the political culture of power sharing and elite bargains before it can achieve a more peaceful and sustainable democratic culture.

Also in this issue, Dr. Andrew E. Yaw Tchie writes about South Sudan’s battle for democracy, and what it would take for the country to break free from the conflict dynamics that seem to keep it trapped in both an ongoing contest for control of national power as well as seemingly endless cycles of communal conflict.

Lastly, ACCORD’s Keenan Govender returns to the Sudan with a focus on the large number of displaced persons and refugees in Sudan and its immediate neighbourhood, and the special challenges this poses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Special Guest Editor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Photo: Government of the Republic of Sudan
Photo: Government of the Republic of Sudan
Vasu Gounden
Features, Political Unrest or Violence

Mediating in a Time of COVID-19

  • Vasu Gounden

Mediation in situations of civil conflict are never easy. It requires travel, both air and on the ground, sometimes to far off areas where the terrain may not be easy to traverse. It also requires confidential face-to-face discussions and, when momentum towards an agreement is detected, then time becomes a valuable commodity, and shuttling between parties to narrow differences, and edge towards a compromise, becomes vital. 

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: UN Photo/Abel Kavanagh

It will take more than just the political will of international and national actors to pave a smooth path for long-term stability in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Based on its security, social, and political dynamics, the DRC needs a total rebuilding of its institutions. 

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: EU/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Livelihood Insecurity & Economic Impact

Sudan: Displacement in the context of COVID-19

  • Keenan Govender

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic one year ago, the Horn of Africa region has experienced a proliferation of conflict and inter-state tensions. This has served to exacerbate the already dire displacement and refugee situation in the region, with thousands fleeing their homes in search of security, which is not often easily found. These difficulties are being aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated challenges.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: REUTERS/Samir Bol
Political Unrest or Violence

South Sudan’s battle for Democracy

  • Andrew E. Yaw Tchie

South Sudan’s peace process is still largely up for negotiation. A new South Sudan must emerge through a civilian technocratic government. This will require transforming the way security forces control the state. It also means being serious about addressing the root causes of conflict, implementing a transitional parliament, drafting a new constitution, deciding what type of federalism best suits the country and strengthening the electoral commission.

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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