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COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 1 December 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

In this week’s edition, Prof. Carlos Lopes asks if sovereign debt is impeding Africa’s COVID-19 recovery. He argues that Africa is the region least infected by COVID-19 but most damaged by its impact. Africa also contributes the least greenhouse emissions but is the most affected by climate change. He argues that Africa needs financial support to address these challenges, but it struggles to obtain the funding it needs due to sovereign debt pressure.

In our second article, Anneli Botha reflects on terrorism in East Africa where the Islamic State has claimed responsibility for several recent bombings in Kampala. In our third piece, Tuduetso Madi writes about the new Omicron COVID-19 variant and how it is affecting Botswana. In the last article in this week’s edition Friederike Savatier argues that the insurgents of Cabo Delgado in Mozambique are not, as many claim, faceless.

Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Assistant Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Tristam Sparks
Carlos Lopes
Livelihood Insecurity & Economic Impact

Is sovereign debt impeding Africa’s COVID-19 recovery?

  • Carlos Lopes

Although Africa is the least indebted region when judged against GDP or per capita, it is the most affected by sovereign debt pressure, it also contributes the least greenhouse emissions but is the most affected by climate change. So, the sad paradox of Africa being the least infected by COVID-19 but most damaged by its impact is no surprise.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Ivan Kabuye/AFP via Getty Images
Political Unrest or Violence

East Africa’s terrorism hotspots: examining the roots and solutions

  • Anneli Botha

Uganda has had a string of terror attacks lately. The most recent bombings took place in Kampala’s central business district and were claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group. Tensions have been increasing across the border too, in Kenya. The government has instructed security agencies to be more vigilant.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP via Getty Images
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Omicron in Botswana

  • Tuduetso Madi

On 24 November 2021, news about the ‘Botswana Variant,” now known as Omicron, which is said to have 32 mutations, was reported by Mail Online and other international news media. Botswana thus became one of the 11 countries in the world to record cases of this COVID-19 new variant. The new Omicron variant is still being studied by scientists, and its transmissibility and severity, compared to the previous Delta variant, is yet to be determined. 

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Oaquim Nhamirre/AFP via Getty Images
Political Unrest or Violence

The Mozambique insurgents are not faceless

  • Friederike Savatier

The timing of the COVID-19 pandemic has placed Mozambique in a situation where both citizens and the state need to rapidly develop resilience skills and coping mechanisms. Cyclones Idai and Kenneth struck in 2019 leaving roughly 2.2 million Mozambicans in need of humanitarian aid, which further contributed to the hardships experienced by people. 

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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