Photo: Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP via Getty Images

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 1 September 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

This week, the monitor focuses on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Southern African region.  Adrian Chikowore writes about the recently concluded SADC Summit of Heads of State and Government and discusses the impact of COVID-19 on SADC’s trade and development efforts.  

Darren Olivier reflects on the deployment of the SADC Mission to Mozambique and the respective approaches of the SADC and Rwandan forces towards the conflict in Cabo Delgado.

Reon van der Merwe discusses the outcomes of the 3rd SADC Youth Forum  with regards to peace and security in the region and the role that the youth can play in these areas.

Finally, ACCORD’S Keenan Govender writes about the high number of young people who have registered to be vaccinated in South Africa, despite perception studies that have shown that there may be some vaccine hesitancy amongst the youth.

Special Guest Editor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Assistant Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: GCIS
Livelihood Insecurity & Economic Impact

The SADC Summit: Trade, Industrialisation and COVID-19

  • Adrian Chikowore

The COVID-19 pandemic came with destabilising effects on the Southern Africa Development Community’s (SADC) development agenda on industrialisation, trade and free movement across borders. COVID-19 has also had a significant impact on national politics in the region as can be witnessed through political changes and developments that have taken place in countries such as Eswatini, Zambia, South Africa and Madagascar where there have been hostilities, civil unrest and instability owing largely to economic hardships in the respective countries.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Alfredo Zuniga/AFP via Getty Images
Political Unrest or Violence

The Prospects for a Successful SADC Mission in Mozambique

  • Darren Olivier

Much has changed since the Ansar al-Sunna insurgent group in northern Mozambique captured the vital port city of Palma in April 2021. The setback, and subsequent withdrawal of Total Energy from its $20 billion natural gas project in the area, shocked Mozambique’s government after years of underestimating the insurgency, and failed experimentation with mercenaries. Even so, it was oddly reluctant to accept a Southern African Development Community’s (SADC) intervention mission, first delaying in at least two SADC Summits the mission announcement and then delaying the signing of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) without which no troops could deploy. It now appears that this was intentionally done in order to allow for a rapid deployment of over 1 000 Rwandan military and police personnel to the area long before substantial SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) could deploy.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: DW/P. Böll
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Towards A Youth-Led Peace & Security Agenda in SADC

  • Reon van der Merwe

Peace and security remain a top priority for the future of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), where issues of governance, slow socio-economic development and armed insurgency continue to pose significant threats to the region’s long-term stability. With over 40% of the population in Southern Africa made up of young people, their potential to contribute to social development against this backdrop, remains largely untapped.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: REUTERS/Sumaya Hisham
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

South Africa’s vaccine drive hits its stride

  • Keenan Govender

Amid a purported increase in vaccine hesitancy in South Africa, and a week of unrest in early July which caused interruptions to the vaccine drive in parts of the country, South Africa has now opened up vaccinations to the entire adult population, that is anyone over the age of 18. Despite studies suggesting that vaccine hesitancy was more prevalent among younger age groups, the youth flocked to vaccine centres in their thousands heeding the government’s call to get vaccinated against COVID-19, stifling some of the panic surrounding vaccine hesitancy.

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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