Photo by MONUSCO/Kevin Jordan

Issue No: 9/2021

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 14 April 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis will be focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

This week the Monitor turns its attention to the Central African region, with pieces on Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). 

Our Feature contribution comes from Ms Kapinga Yvette Ngandu, the Commissioner responsible for Gender, Human and Social Development in the Commission of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS). She writes about the actions taken by ECCAS to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, address its consequences, and to prevent future such public health emergencies.

On Cameroon, Dr. Christelle Amina Djoulde and Prof. Gilbert L. Taguem Fah chronicle the multiple dimensions of the crises that Cameroon has to manage, in addition to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Turning to the Central African Republic, Dr. Gino Vlavonou considers how militarism and political elitism is a challenge for sustaining the peace; and ACCORD’s Claude Bizimana reflects on the impact of COVID-19 on the CAR’s December 2020 and March 2021 elections.

On the DRC, Dr. Balingene Kahombo writes about how the government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic has also triggered a constitutional crisis, human rights challenges and has impacted on the ongoing conflict in the eastern DRC. 

Special Guest Editor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Photo by Paul Kagame Flickr
Photo by Paul Kagame Flickr
Features, Livelihood Insecurity & Economic Impact

Actions taken by the Economic Community of Central African States in response to COVID-19

  • Kapinga Yvette Ngandu

Like all other parts of the world, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic since 6 March 2020 and all eleven member countries had registered their first cases by 6 April 2020.  In addition to a number of steps taken by ECCAS, plans are also moving forward to establish a sub-regional body for the coordination of health issues in ECCAS.

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Photo by Colette Nzogang/CDC Global
Photo by Colette Nzogang/CDC Global
Political Unrest or Violence

Chronicles of Cameroon’s Multidimensional Crisis during the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Gilbert L. Taguem Fah
  • Amina Djouldé Christelle

Among other things, Cameroon has responded to the pandemic by relying on local political practices as well as diplomatic experiences with neighbouring countries in order to maintain its sub-regional leadership.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Reference: ACLED

The two rounds of presidential elections in December 2020 and March 2021 resulted in the re-election of Faustin Archange Touadéra as President of the Central African Republic. Armed groups disrupted the electoral process in several areas, but the armed forces of CAR with support from the UN mission, Russia and Rwanda were able to sufficiently stabilise the situation for the elections to be successfully concluded. 

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Photo by ALEXIS HUGUET/AFP via Getty Images
Photo by ALEXIS HUGUET/AFP via Getty Images

It is now more than a year since the first COVID-19 case in the Central African Republic (CAR). Although the pandemic has spread at a slower rate and with less intensity than in many other countries, it has still had a significant impact on the country and its people. The December 2020 elections are one example of how COVID-19 is impacting every aspect of our lives, including our politics.

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Photo by MONUSCO/Michael Ali
Photo by MONUSCO/Michael Ali
Livelihood Insecurity & Economic Impact

An overview on the Democratic Republic of Congo in times of COVID-19

  • Balingene Kahombo

The first COVID-19 case in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was diagnosed on 10 March 2020. As of 11 April 2021, more than twenty-eight thousand cases have been recorded, but fortunately only 745 persons have succumbed to the pandemic. Beyond the impact on the health system, it is worth noting that the pandemic has generated several other challenges, including constitutional, human rights and security issues.

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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