SUMY SADURNI/AFP via Getty Images.

Issue No: 18/2020

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 19 August 2020

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis will be focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

This week’s Monitor is a special edition on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Great Lakes and the Central Africa region. It features the perspectives of three senior United Nations (UN) figures in the region, not only about the current impact that COVID-19 has had on the DRC and the region, but also the strides being made to respond and mitigate the effects of the pandemic.

François Louncény Fall, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General and head of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa, reflects on the impact of COVID-19 on the DRC’s commitment to regional integration in Central Africa.

Huang Xia, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for the Great Lakes region, reflects on some of the efforts to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 in the DRC and the Great Lakes.

Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General and head of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO), writes about sustaining the mission’s support to peace and stability in the COVID-19 context.

This issue is rounded off by Dr Yvan Yenda Ilunga, who considers some of the current political developments and the implications of ending the COVID-19-related national state of emergency in the DRC.

Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), under the leadership of President Félix Tshisekedi, has demonstrated its commitment to regional integration in Central Africa. This commitment has been maintained despite COVID-19, which has not stalled the ongoing Economic Community of Central African States’ (ECCAS) institutional reform process as some may have feared. Instead, not only are the countries of the subregion moving forward with the reform agenda, but they have also adopted a regional response to the pandemic, which addresses its cross-border aspects.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

When Africa surpassed 1 million COVID-19 infections on 7 August 2000, the Great Lakes region ranked as the continent’s worst-hit area. Accounting for roughly one third of Africa’s total population, the region reported over 60% of Africa’s confirmed infections (600 000 cases) and more than 50% of its fatalities (11 500 cases). South Africa faced by far the heaviest caseload, followed by Kenya, Sudan and the DRC.

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Photo MONUSCO/Force
Photo MONUSCO/Force

While MONUSCO learnt valuable lessons from the recent Ebola outbreak in the east of the country, the global nature of COVID-19 – which was accompanied by severe movement restrictions, healthcare risks and profound socio-economic shifts – challenged the way we were doing business and required a fundamental shift in our approach.

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ACCORD Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: Worldometer, CFR, Gov.UK & Trading Economics
Yvan Yenda Ilunga
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Implications of the end of the national state of emergency in the DRC

  • Yvan Yenda Ilunga

There are lessons to be learnt from the DRC’s approach and decision to declare an end to its national state of emergency, in spite of increasing numbers of infections and growing strained relations between the government and some of its citizens.

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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