AMISOM Photo/Fardowsa Hussein

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 19 May 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

In this week’s edition of the Monitor we feature Mme Bineta Diop, the AU Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security.  In this piece, Mme Diop reflects on how peace can be promoted in the age of compound risks which are exacerbated by COVID-19. In this discussion, Mme Diop highlights the importance of responding to this situation by creating a new mediation and dialogue culture which places women and girls’ meaningful participation at the forefront.

Also focused on the complexities of Africa’s current peace and security landscape is a feature piece from Ambassador Mohamed Chambas, the former Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS). In his contribution, Ambassador Chambas calls for a collective response to the shared challenges on the continent.

Professor Cheryl Hendricks reflects on the changing conflict context in a piece which discusses the need to shift the theory and practice of conflict management. In particular, Professor Hendricks questions how South Africa will recraft its role in conflict management on the continent.

Finally, we then turn to the current situation in Chad in a piece from Professor Daniel E. Agbiboa, who reflects on the implications of the sudden death of President Idris Déby Itno for both Chad and the wider Sahel region.

Special Guest Editor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Photo: UN Women/Amanda Voisar
Photo: UN Women/Amanda Voisar

Indeed, in 2020, as we were planning to celebrate major instruments for the advancement of women’s rights to peace and development, namely the Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action and the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325), the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic erupted, causing deaths and disruptions all over the world. The pandemic demonstrated once more that in times of crisis, women and girls bear the brunt of the impact and are the ones at the front of the risk.

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Photo: Tafadzwa Ufumeli/Getty Images
Photo: Tafadzwa Ufumeli/Getty Images
Mohamed Ibn Chambas
Features, Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Africa’s compound challenges need a collective response

  • Mohamed Ibn Chambas

We live in a peculiar moment in history in which prevailing threats to peace and stability have collided with a pandemic that occurs once in a century. For the African continent, it is rather a precarious moment in which our realities and limitations have come to the fore, more than in previous decades. 

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UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

The changing conflict contexts have refocused our attention on the theory and practice of conflict management and the need for transforming the ways in which we seek to Silence the Guns in Africa. In the 1990s the conflict contexts demanded that peace be sought internally between identifiable warring parties with the ability to do harm, usually government and one or two rebel groups seeking access to political power; that mediation went beyond ceasefire agreements to deliver more comprehensive peace accords; and peacekeeping broadened to encompass multidimensional peace support operations.

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Photo: USAFRICOM
Photo: USAFRICOM
Political Unrest or Violence

Life after Idris Déby: Quo Vadis, Chad?

  • Daniel Agbiboa

For many Chadians, news of the sudden death of President Idris Déby Itno on 20 April 2021, crowned the past year as an annus horribilis, while sending shockwaves through the wider Sahel and around the world. Sixty-eight-year-old Déby, who took power in 1990 when his rebel forces deposed then-President and autocratic leader Hissène Habré, died from gunshot wounds sustained on the frontlines of fighting rebels belonging to a group called “Front pour l’alternance et la concorde au Tchad” (French acronym, FACT) in the north of Chad. The shock news came just a day after the veteran ruler won his sixth term as president amid boycotts from the main political opposition.

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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