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COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 24 November 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

This week’s monitor opens with a piece from Dr. Lina Benabdallah, Assistant Professor at Wake Forest University. Her article is about China’s vaccine diplomacy and health assistance to Africa, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.  This is a timely piece reflecting on China’s role in Africa as the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) is scheduled to take place next week on 29-30 November.

This is followed by a piece from Dr. Gwinyayi Albert Dzinesa, about the formation, and the processes undertaken in Malawi to establish the country’s National Peace Architecture (NPA).  Dzinesa also reflects on the assistance that entities such as the United Nations have played in creating the framework and the potential role that the architecture can play in promoting peace and stability in Malawi.

Finally, the last article in this week’s monitor is from Nothando Maphalala, a policy and advocacy specialist, who writes about the use of communiques and statements issued by intergovernmental organisations and the role that these statements play in shaping the narrative and influencing the trajectory of international involvement in trying to resolve conflicts.

Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Assistant Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Minasse Wondimu Hailu/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

China-Africa Public Health Cooperation and Vaccine Diplomacy

  • Lina Benabdallah

China’s COVID-19 assistance to Africa is a continuation of a long-dated tradition of public health cooperation. During the early stages of the epidemic (and later pandemic), African countries were first to show their support and assistance to China. China’s reciprocation of Africa’s assistance has filled a void in the absence of other partners but has yet to reach its full potential and has not produced vaccine distribution equity. 

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Amos Gumulira/AFP via Getty Images
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Malawi quietly making headway with National Peace Architecture

  • Gwinyayi Dzinesa

While international attention has been fixated on the violent extremism in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province, and rightly so, owing to the threats posed to local communities there and foreign direct investment in the whole of Southern Africa, neighbouring Malawi has quietly progressed in developing its formal National Peace Architecture (NPA). The NPA’s pilot structures stand Malawi in good stead to handle potential regional contagion effects deriving from instability in northern Mozambique.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: UNMISS/Isaac Billy
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Are “mildly-worded communiques” effective conflict management tools?

  • Nothando Maphalala

As rumours of a coup in Sudan trickled through social media in the early hours of Sunday, 24 October, and were then confirmed in the news media by the morning of the 25th, African citizens turned to the African Union (AU), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and neighbouring states for a reaction. Even though the AU and the IGAD issued statements condemning the suspension of the Constitutional Declaration and the Transitional Government, the general view was that these responses were not robust enough.  There is a growing awareness that statements issued by intergovernmental organisations at the onset of crises play a catalytic role in setting the tone for the international response, and as such, it is important that the intensity of such statements should be commensurate with the seriousness of the incident or development they respond too.

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