Photo by Sharon Seretlo/Gallo Images via Getty Images

COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 7 July 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
References: AfricaCDC, ACLED and African Arguments

The 9th July 2021 will mark the 10th Anniversary of South Sudan’s independence. In commemoration of this milestone, the Monitor will feature a number of contributions taking stock of South Sudan’s peace process in this edition, as well as in next week’s edition. This week we feature Dr Aleu Garang, the Head of the IGAD Mission to the Republic of South Sudan, who reflects on the role of IGAD in helping to build peace in the country alongside local peace actors including youth and women groups.

Staying in South Sudan, James Okuk provides an analysis of the missed opportunities for peace since the independence of South Sudan. In particular, he looks at the implementation of the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) and how this shapes the commemoration of the 10-year anniversary of independence.

We then turn to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), where Ethiopian scholars, Professors Mohamed Seid Ali and Beyene Admassu share their perspectives on Ethiopia’s interests and approaches to the GERD issue. We will feature perspectives from Egypt, Sudan and others in future issues, with the aim of informing the debate over this sensitive issue.

Finally, Sam Mokhaloane compares the impact of COVID-19 responses of the Ugandan and South African governments, with a special focus on the informal sectors of the two countries’ respective economies.

Special Guest Editor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
UN Photo/Isaac Billy
UN Photo/Isaac Billy
Features, Political Unrest or Violence

The role of the IGAD Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

  • Aleu Garang

IGAD upgraded its presence in various IGAD Member States namely; Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda to full time presence instead of ad hoc engagements or small liaison offices, while Djibouti remains the seat of the Secretariat and the Executive Secretary. The IGAD presence in the Republic of South Sudan started with a liaison office at the sub-national regional government of southern Sudan in 2005 to follow up on the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), and upgraded to a small Juba Liaison Office after South Sudan’s independence on 9 July 2011.

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Photo by Daniel X. O’Neil
Photo by Daniel X. O’Neil

The 9th of July 2021 marks the first decade of independence of the Republic of South Sudan and the challenges of nation-state building. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) paved the way for separation of Southern Sudan from the Sudan in 2011 through a referendum for self-determination. Though the parties pledged to make unity of the Sudan attractive, the people did not believe.

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Photo by KHALED DESOUKI/AFP via Getty Images
Photo by KHALED DESOUKI/AFP via Getty Images
Cross-border / Inter-State tensions

The Politics of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) – an Ethiopian Perspective

  • Mohammed Seid Ali
  • Embiale Beyene Admasu

Though it is shared by 11 riparian countries, Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia dominate the contesting debate over the Nile water resource. Historically, the Nile basin has been dominated by unilateralism, exclusion, colonial and neo-colonial drives to justify Egypt’s and Sudan’s monopoly over the utilization of the shared water resource. 

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Photo by Sharon Seretlo/Gallo Images via Getty Images
Photo by Sharon Seretlo/Gallo Images via Getty Images

Africa had time to prepare for the pandemic outbreak after the first wave of COVID-19 in China and Europe. However, Africa is one of the most affected continents of the third wave, specifically South Africa. Africa is faced with over 5.6 million COVID-19 cases and 146 497  deaths (06 July 2021). South Africa is leading with over 2 million coronavirus cases (06 July 2021).

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ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

ACCORD recognizes its longstanding partnerships with the European Union, and the Governments of Canada, Finland, Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, UK, and USA.

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