This Issue of Conflict Trends takes a regional perspective in challenging ECCAS to be more effective in Central Africa’s crises and examining Ethiopia’s challenging relationships with its neighbours amidst the country’s domestic upheaval. At the State level South Sudan’s path to democracy is examined and a people-centred government to address the root causes of conflict, is advocated. In addition, the crisis in Mozambique remains ongoing as a military solution does not address the root causes of conflict. We are alerted that the implications of emerging technologies in Africa includes further challenges for peace and security. Finally, Gadaa locates democratic principles and institutions locally, historically and culturally in Africa.