Issue No: 3/2022

Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 13 April 2022

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

Photo: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
Photo: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

In this month’s Monitor we cover a range of thematic topics, as well as country or regional situations. We start with Ambassador Mathu Joyini, South Africa’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations (UN) in New York, who reflects on the recently concluded 66th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW). 

Next Dr. Craig Moffat looks at the war in Ukraine and the challenges and opportunities it poses for African countries. From Ukraine, we turn to South Sudan; Dr. Moses John analyses the latest agreement to unify the security command structures. Staying with South Sudan, Dr. Andrew E. Yaw Tchie, Anne Funnemark and Katongo Seyuba look at how South Sudan is adapting to climate change and its implications for peace and security. Staying partly with climate change, we then shift focus to the Lake Chad Basin where Dr. Modesta Alozie and Dr. Chika Charles Aniekwe asks if and how the Governors’ Forum can help to address the challenges posed by climate change, weak governance, marginalisation, and conflict in the region.  

Our last two contributions both deal with leadership. Mubanga Lumpa writes about the contribution of the late President Banda to democracy in Zambia. And Katharine Bebington reflects on the various options for dialogue and prospects for peace in Eswatini.  

Chief Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Assistant Editor: Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: UN Women/Ryan Brown
Photo: UN Women/Ryan Brown
Women, Peace & Security

Reflections on the 66th Session Commission on the Status of Women

  • Mathu Joyini

After two years of virtual sessions, the 66th Commission on the Status of Women (CSW66) marked a turning point, and was organised in a hybrid format that saw many participants from the capitals physically present in New York. I was personally pleased that so many Ministers and other dignitaries attended the CSW66 in-person, as leaders of their delegations. Their presence in New York again showed the importance of this Commission. CSW remains pivotal as a forum to monitor the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It is also the main place at the United Nations (UN) for deliberation and development of new norms to advance gender equality and the empowerment of women.

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Photo: manhhai
Photo: manhhai
Peace and Security

Ukraine Conflict – Implications and Opportunities for Africa

  • Craig Moffat

It has been over a month since Russia invaded Ukraine. The adage comes to mind – in every crisis there is an opportunity. As Africa prepares for the inevitable political and economic fallout, it may be an opportune time for some African countries to formulate new political and economic policies that may benefit from a shift in global markets.

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Photo: UNMISS
Photo: UNMISS
Peace and Security

Peace partners in South Sudan agree to unify security command structures

  • Moses John

The parties to the Revitalised Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) have signed, on 3 April 2022, an agreement to unify the security command structure. The deal, which was brokered by neighbouring Sudan, is significant in that it allows for the integration of armed opposition commanders and forces from the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army In Opposition (SPLM/A IO) and South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) into the South Sudan People’s Defence Force (SSPDF).

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Photo: Aimee Brown/Oxfam
Photo: Aimee Brown/Oxfam
Environment

Grappling with and Adapting to Climate Change in South Sudan

  • Andrew E. Yaw Tchie
  • Anne Funnemark
  • Katongo Seyuba

Almost a decade since the conflict in South Sudan commenced, the conflict has become further fragmented, with indiscriminate violence across the country being highly varied. Playing into these complex conflict dynamics are the impacts of climate change, which may further grievances and tensions.

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Photo: EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Photo: EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Governance

Fixing the Lake Chad crisis from the bottom-up

  • Modesta Tochukwu Alozie
  • Chika Charles Aniekwe

The Lake Chad Basin region comprising of Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon and the Central Africa Republic (CAR) is in the middle of a serious conflict. News reports often refer to this crisis as the ‘Boko Haram crisis’, which is somewhat of an understatement given that this is one of the world’s most complex humanitarian disasters.

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IMF Photograph/Stephen Jaffe
IMF Photograph/Stephen Jaffe
Leadership

Former President Banda’s contribution to democracy in Zambia and beyond

  • Mubanga Lumpa

Former Zambian President Rupiah Banda died on Friday March 11, 2022, aged 85 after suffering from colon cancer. The Zambian government declared seven days of national mourning in honour of his distinguished public service to the nation. The late former Zambian President led the country for 3 years from 2008 to 2011. He became the fourth president after the country’s independence from British rule in 1964.

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ACCORD Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Leadership

Eswatini: Options for Dialogue and Peace

  • Katharine Bebington

Protests in the Kingdom of Eswatini began in mid-2021 following the death of a university student, Thabani Nkomonye, in police custody. The student protests soon expanded to include people from various sectors of society who had grievances about the lack of democracy and a system of government that they said served the interest of the monarchy rather than the people. It is not the first time that there have been calls for greater levels of democracy in Eswatini. However, the scale and intensity of the protests, including the level of violence that the security forces used to suppress the protests, has drawn greater regional and international attention to Eswatini than ever before.

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