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COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor – 30 September 2021

During the COVID-19 crisis ACCORD's analysis is focused on the impact of the pandemic on conflict and resilience in Africa.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

In this week’s monitor the focus is coups and unconstitutional changes of government. We begin with a piece by Prof Tandeka Nkiwane, the Special Advisor to the CEO of NEPAD, who reflects on the state of democratic consolidation in Africa. Prof Nkiwane discusses the historical context of democratisation, setbacks the democratisation process has faced and some of the issues that will require attention for the democratisation process to be further consolidated.

Ovigwe Eguegu writes about recent coups in West Africa and he analyses the response to these coups by ECOWAS and the African Union. He argues that these bodies should play a more proactive and deterrent role in preventing coups from taking place.

Thirdly, we have an article from Ndubuisi Christian Ani who considers the trends of coups in Africa. He writes that the core issues that lead to coups need to be addressed in order to prevent more from taking place and analyses various regional response options.

We end this week’s edition with a piece on the 3rd Lake Chad Basin Governors’ Forum that will take place on 4-5 October 2021 in Yaoundé, Cameroon. The Governors’ forum was established in 2018 to ensure greater local ownership and participation in the Regional Stabilization, Recovery and Resilience Strategy (RSS) for the Lake Chad Basin region.

Chief Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
Managing Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Assistant Editor: COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor​
ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: UK Mission to the UN/Lorey Campese

The experience on the African continent in terms of managing diversity, and consolidating democracy has been fraught with stops and starts. Most recently, we have witnessed significant setbacks in terms of constitutional manipulation, for the purpose of extending terms of political office, military coups in specific West and Central African countries, and seemingly unending low intensity conflict and low-grade warfare in a number of countries. These are often connected to electoral processes.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: John Kalapo/Getty Images

Following the 5th September coup in Guinea, the African Union (AU) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) issued condemnations of the action, followed by a suspension of Guinea from these organisations. The glaring problem being that the response of the AU and ECOWAS to the recent coups in Guinea and Mali can only be labelled as ‘template’ responses that fail to address the core issues that lead to these coups in the first place.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: Michele CattanI/AFP via Getty Images
Political Unrest or Violence

Coup resurgence in Africa: The pitfalls of a regional response

  • Ndubuisi Christian Ani

In less than 2 years, Africa witnessed three successful coups – a coup in Guinea and two coups in Mali. The recent developments, including the failed coup attempt in Sudan, have heightened global fears of democratic regression in Africa where coups were once adjudged “a thing of the past”.

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ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor
Photo: UK Mission to the UN/Lorey Campese
Trust between Citizens & Institutions

Local ownership is key to long-term recovery and resilience in the Lake Chad Basin

  • Chika Charles Aniekwe
  • Michelle Mendi Muita

Ahead of the 3rd Lake Chad Basin Governors’ Forum, challenges persist, yet opportunities for regional cooperation have never been stronger. For populations living in the Lake Chad Basin region, the global COVID-19 pandemic has only intensified the existing humanitarian and economic crisis, resulting in dire consequences for the most vulnerable and marginalized communities.

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