On 3 February 1960, the United Kingdom prime minister Harold Macmillan, addressing the South African Parliament, said: “The wind of change is blowing through this continent. Whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact.” Five decades later, those winds of change led to a substantially decolonised and free […]

Oil pipeline vandalism in the Niger Delta

Oil Refinery

Article positing that petro-pipeline vandalism in the region has been variously motivated, depending on the socio-structural dynamics underpinning its occurrence.

Conducting Track II Peacemaking: A Peacemaker’s Toolkit Book 3

Security Council Meeting

This handbook, Conducting Track II Peacemaking: A Peacemaker’s Toolkit Book 3, links the evolvement of track II diplomacy to the complexity and intractability of post-Cold War conflicts. Modern-day conflicts involve too many actors with incompatible interests, violent histories and complex international entanglements. As such, militaries and teams of mediators alone cannot make and keep the […]