Key questions about recent coups in Africa

Photo by Annie Risemberg/AFP

The recent spate of coups witnessed on the continent has triggered a number of questions including whether we are witnessing a return of coups, what explains the coups and what to make of their apparent popular support.

African Coups and Silencing the Guns Agenda in 2021

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

The goal of Silencing the Guns (STG) was to achieve a conflict-free Africa and rid the continent of all wars and conflicts. Conflicts have persisted, resulting in the STG agenda being extended to 2030, in the hope that by then Africa will have cured itself of the plague of conflict.

Navigating Sudan’s quest for democratic transition

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

Restructuring how Sudan is governed is essential to placing Sudan on the right course towards sustained democracy, especially given the military’s restructuring process that has been in play for over 50 years.

East Africa’s terrorism hotspots: examining the roots and solutions

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

Eastern Africa has two primary terrorism hotspots. The first is Somalia. It has experienced continuous instability since 1991, due to clan-based warlords and the lack of a functioning central government. Secondly, similar to Somalia, the eastern part of the DRC has been a hotspot since its own civil war from 1997 to 2003.

The Mozambique insurgents are not faceless

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

Since October 2017, an insurgency emerged in Mozambique’s northernmost province of Cabo Delgado, resulting in numerous terrorist attacks, claiming nearly 3,000 lives, and displacing some 800,000 people since 2020. In addition to the current military reprisals, a more comprehensive approach should recognise both the fact that the insurgents are the “sons of Mocímboa da Praia” and that at a certain point in time, they became radicalised and turned towards violent extremism.

Effective Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development for Peacebuilding in Africa

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

A key factor in promoting effective PCRD relates to coordination and coherence. Effective PCRD also requires coherence and coordination in the deployment of efforts in post-conflict areas. Effective PCRD also requires a consideration of the root causes of conflict. The centrality of PCRD as a means for sustainable peace cannot be underestimated.

Lake Chad Basin and stabilisation in the post-Shekau era

ACCORD COVID-19 Conflict & Resilience Monitor

ISWAP, noticing the vacuum created by the death of Shekau, seized the opportunity to move in and present itself as the most prominent violent extremist group in the region, and has deepened its relationship with the Islamic State (IS), thus making itself a global threat and expanding the network and reach of such groups.